Sénèque, philosophe latin né à Cordoue, a vécu entre le Ier siècle avant et le Ier siècle après Jésus-Christ. Il suit des études de réthorique et de philosophie à Rome mais est contraint à l'exil en 41 avant J.-C. À son retour à Rome, il devient le précepteur du jeune Néron et compose une satire excessivement mordante de sa société. Dans ces lettres, il s'adresse à son vieil ami Lucilius. D'origine modeste, Lucilius parvient, à force de mérites, au rang de chevalier, puis de procurateur de Sicile, au moment de sa correspondance avec Sénèque. Quoiqu'amis de longue date, Lucilius est plus jeune que Sénèque, il est donc tout à sa place dans son rôle de disciple. C'est durant les quelques mois précédant son suicide que Sénèque rédige cette correspondance sous la forme d'un recueil d'écrits moraux.

Author Sénèque
Isbn 2755501944
Genre Fiction
Year 2002-01-23
Pages 112
Language English
File format PDF

Dans les Lettres qu'il envoie à son ami et disciple Lucilius. Sénèque nous donne une leçon de liberté, une revendication d'autonomie de la volonté, un appel à se déprendre de tout ce qui nous rend esclaves. Une leçon de courage aussi. Bref, une leçon de sagesse toujours vivante pour le lecteur du XXIe siècle en quête d'une authentique liberté intérieure. Petit à petit, il est conduit, à l'instar de Lucilius. à prendre conscience de sa vie, de son quotidien. à le regarder d'un oeil neuf, à travailler sur soi et à éprouver la tranquillité de l'âme, source de joie authentique, le gaudium du Sage. Les Lettres choisies traitent des thèmes essentiels de la sagesse sénèquienne. Elles ont été sélectionnées afin de donner au lecteur l'idée la plus précise possible du cheminement que Sénèque propose à Lucilius.

Author Sénèque,Jérôme Lagouanère
Isbn 2268092747
Genre Fiction
Year 2017-05-24
Pages 200
Language English
File format PDF

The Epistulae morales ad Lucilium (English: Moral Epistles to Lucilius) is a collection of 124 letters which were written by Seneca the Younger at the end of his life. They are addressed to Lucilius, the then procurator of Sicily, although he is known only through Seneca's writings. In these letters, Seneca gives Lucilius tips on how to become a more devoted Stoic. Lucilius was, at that time, the Governor of Sicily, although he is known only through Seneca's writings. Selected from the Epistulae Morales ad Lucilium, these letters illustrate the upright ideals admired by the Stoics and extol the good way of life as seen from their standpoint They also reveal how far in advance of his time were many of Seneca's ideas - his disgust at the shows in the arena or his criticism of the harsh treatment of slaves. Philosophical in tone and written in the 'pointed' style of the Latin Silver Age these 'essays in disguise' were clearly aimed by Seneca at posterity.

Author Seneca, Lucius Annaeus
Isbn 5000643488
Genre Philosophy
Year 2015-06-15
Pages 262
Language English
File format PDF

From the team that brought you The Obstacle Is the Way and Ego Is the Enemy, a beautiful daily devotional of Stoic meditations—an instant Wall Street Journal and USA Today Bestseller. Why have history's greatest minds—from George Washington to Frederick the Great to Ralph Waldo Emerson, along with today's top performers from Super Bowl-winning football coaches to CEOs and celebrities—embraced the wisdom of the ancient Stoics? Because they realize that the most valuable wisdom is timeless and that philosophy is for living a better life, not a classroom exercise. The Daily Stoic offers 366 days of Stoic insights and exercises, featuring all-new translations from the Emperor Marcus Aurelius, the playwright Seneca, or slave-turned-philosopher Epictetus, as well as lesser-known luminaries like Zeno, Cleanthes, and Musonius Rufus. Every day of the year you'll find one of their pithy, powerful quotations, as well as historical anecdotes, provocative commentary, and a helpful glossary of Greek terms. By following these teachings over the course of a year (and, indeed, for years to come) you'll find the serenity, self-knowledge, and resilience you need to live well.

Author Ryan Holiday,Stephen Hanselman
Isbn 0735211744
Genre Business & Economics
Year 2016-10-18
Pages 416
Language English
File format PDF

The Roman statesman and philosopher Seneca (4 BCE–65 CE) recorded his moral philosophy and reflections on life as a highly original kind of correspondence. Letters on Ethics includes vivid descriptions of town and country life in Nero’s Italy, discussions of poetry and oratory, and philosophical training for Seneca’s friend Lucilius. This volume, the first complete English translation in nearly a century, makes the Letters more accessible than ever before. Written as much for a general audience as for Lucilius, these engaging letters offer advice on how to deal with everything from nosy neighbors to sickness, pain, and death. Seneca uses the informal format of the letter to present the central ideas of Stoicism, for centuries the most influential philosophical system in the Mediterranean world. His lively and at times humorous expositions have made the Letters his most popular work and an enduring classic. Including an introduction and explanatory notes by Margaret Graver and A. A. Long, this authoritative edition will captivate a new generation of readers.

Author Lucius Annaeus Seneca
Isbn 022626520X
Genre Philosophy
Year 2015-11-20
Pages 528
Language English
File format PDF

'It is philosophy that has the duty of protecting us ... without it no one can lead a life free of fear or worry' For several years of his turbulent life, in which he was dogged by ill health, exile and danger, Seneca was the guiding hand of the Roman Empire. This selection of Seneca's letters shows him upholding the ideals of Stoicism - the wisdom of the self-possessed person immune to life's setbacks - while valuing friendship and courage, and criticizing the harsh treatment of slaves and the cruelties in the gladiatorial arena. The humanity and wit revealed in Seneca's interpretation of Stoicism is a moving and inspiring declaration of the dignity of the individual mind. Selected and translated with an Introduction by Robin Campbell

Author Seneca
Isbn 0141914521
Genre Philosophy
Year 2004-08-26
Pages 256
Language English
File format PDF

First published in 2003. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

Author Paul Veyne
Isbn 1135221049
Genre Biography & Autobiography
Year 2002-11-27
Pages 204
Language English
File format PDF

'You ask what is the proper measure of wealth? The best measure is to have what is necessary, and next best, to have enough. Keep well!' The letters written by the Stoic philosopher and tragedian Seneca to his friend Lucilius are in effect moral essays, whose purpose is to reinforce Lucilius' struggle to achieve wisdom and serenity, uninfluenced by worldly emotions. Seneca advises his friend on how to do without what is superfluous, whether on the subject of happiness, riches, reputation, or the emotions. The letters include literary critical discussions, moral exhortation, exemplary heroes and episodes from Roman history, and a lurid picture of contemporary luxury. We learn about Seneca's household and estates and about life in the time of Nero; the topic of death is never far away. This readable new translation is the largest selection of Seneca's letters currently available. Accompanied by an invaluable introduction and notes, it opens a window on to Seneca's world. ABOUT THE SERIES: For over 100 years Oxford World's Classics has made available the widest range of literature from around the globe. Each affordable volume reflects Oxford's commitment to scholarship, providing the most accurate text plus a wealth of other valuable features, including expert introductions by leading authorities, helpful notes to clarify the text, up-to-date bibliographies for further study, and much more.

Author Seneca
Isbn 0191613762
Genre Drama
Year 2010-03-11
Pages 368
Language English
File format PDF

The Courage of the Truth is the last course that Michel Foucault delivered at the College de France before his death in 1984. In this course, he continues the theme of the previous year's lectures in exploring the notion of "truth-telling" in politics to establish a number of ethically irreducible conditionsbased on courage and conviction.

Author M. Foucault
Isbn 0230309100
Genre Philosophy
Year 2011-04-20
Pages 364
Language English
File format PDF

Happiness today is not just a possibility or an option but a requirement and a duty. To fail to be happy is to fail utterly. Happiness has become a religion--one whose smiley-faced god looks down in rebuke upon everyone who hasn't yet attained the blessed state of perpetual euphoria. How has a liberating principle of the Enlightenment--the right to pursue happiness--become the unavoidable and burdensome responsibility to be happy? How did we become unhappy about not being happy--and what might we do to escape this predicament? In Perpetual Euphoria, Pascal Bruckner takes up these questions with all his unconventional wit, force, and brilliance, arguing that we might be happier if we simply abandoned our mad pursuit of happiness. Gripped by the twin illusions that we are responsible for being happy or unhappy and that happiness can be produced by effort, many of us are now martyring ourselves--sacrificing our time, fortunes, health, and peace of mind--in the hope of entering an earthly paradise. Much better, Bruckner argues, would be to accept that happiness is an unbidden and fragile gift that arrives only by grace and luck. A stimulating and entertaining meditation on the unhappiness at the heart of the modern cult of happiness, Perpetual Euphoria is a book for everyone who has ever bristled at the command to "be happy."

Author Pascal Bruckner
Isbn 1400835976
Genre Political Science
Year 2011-01-10
Pages 256
Language English
File format PDF

Yawning is a stereotyped phylogenetically ancient phenomenon that occurs in almost all vertebrates. As an emotional behavior and an expressive movement, yawning has many consequences; nevertheless, it has so far been poorly addressed in medical research and practice. Bringing together the latest research from many fields, this volume integrates current insights within embryology, ethology, neurophysiology, psychology, fMRI and pathology. The phylogenetic and ontogenetic aspects of yawning offer an interesting perspective on human development, and its occurrence in neurological diseases - an area explored by only a few investigators - may provide useful clinical information. This book will make valuable and fascinating reading to neurologists, sleep specialists, psychologists, ethologists and pharmacologists, as well as to anybody interested in uncovering the mystery of yawning.

Author O. Walusinski
Isbn 3805594054
Genre Nature
Year 2010-03-25
Pages 174
Language English
File format PDF

A few words concerning the setting and the educational significance of this treatise are desirable by way of introduction. The Dialogus Ciceronianus (1528) is the one important technical educational treatise of Erasmus, that has never appeared in an English form. Even in the original, it has had few reprints and none of these are of recent date. His De Ratione Studii, and the treatise De Pueris Statim ac Liberaliter Instituendis are given in English by Professor Woodward in his Erasmus Concerning Education; the Colloquies have appeared in several forms, most completely in the Bailey edition; his letters, which contain much discussion of direct educational value, are adequately represented in the recent Nichols edition; but the Dialogus Ciceronianus, his most extensive treatise on an educational subject as it demanded attention in his own day, has not been deemed of sufficient interest to the student of education to justify a translation. Aeterna Press

Author Erasmus,Aeterna Press
Isbn
Genre Religion
Year 1908
Pages 130
Language English
File format PDF

À une époque douloureuse de sa vie (divorce à venir, maladie de sa fille, partisan d'un Pompée défait par César...), au moment même où César transforme la République romaine en une dictature dans laquelle les libertés sont étouffées, Cicéron rédige d'une traite les Paradoxes des Stoïciens. Il s'agit pour lui de faire en sorte que les vertus romaines antiques soient préservées malgré tout ; il veut encourager ses concitoyens, désorientés par l'instauration de la dictature, et les exhorter à la vertu et à la sagesse. Contre l'opinion courante ("para doxa" = chose qui étonne), Cicéron va développer des arguments tirés de l'éthique stoïcienne selon lesquels "seule la beauté morale est un bien", "la vertu suffit au bonheur", "toute faute est condamnable, toute bonne action est juste", "seul le sage ne délire pas, est libre, citoyen et riche"... La poursuite du bonheur, de l'indépendance, d'une véritable richesse, d'une patrie avec laquelle s'identifier en des temps difficiles, voilà tout le programme de cette œuvre à la fois engagée et pédagogique. Cicéron transmet la doctrine des stoïciens à ses contemporains en même temps qu'il salue tous ceux qui ne veulent pas voir mourir un certain idéal politique et un certain art de vivre.

Author Cicéron
Isbn 2755504676
Genre Fiction
Year 2005-01-19
Pages 80
Language English
File format PDF

Dans ce livre, compos de deux volets, mon intention est de confronter l'humanisme ancien l'humanisme moderne. En opposition avec les modernes, les Anciens s'efforcent d'couter la nature. Respecter l'harmonie naturelle devient la rgle d'or de l'homme ancien qui s'vertue l'appliquer dans toutes les manifestations de sa vie individuelle et sociale. L'humanisme ancien est fond sur l'altrit dissemblable. Pour cet humanisme, l'autre est celui qui ne possde pas la culture du juste (athmistos), le barbare, donc celui qui, au lieu de pratiquer la vertu, s'applique l'exercice de la violence. Cette culture, comprenant la fois une dimension thique et juridique, transforme une vie d'anarchie et de laideur, symptmes de l'injustice, en une vie d'quilibre et de beaut piliers de la justice et du droit. Contrairement l'humanisme d'aujourd'hui fond sur la ressemblance des visages et sur l'galit des existences, l'humanisme hellnique est fond sur la dissemblance. Dans l'humanisme moderne et postmoderne, toutes les vies humaines possdent la mme valeur ontologique, c'est--dire une valeur inhrente l'homme en tant qu'homme.

Author Stamatios Tzitzis
Isbn 2915495734
Genre
Year 2010-05-19
Pages N.A
Language English
File format PDF

Jean Godefroy Bidima’s La Palabre examines the traditional African institution of palaver as a way to create dialogue and open exchange in an effort to resolve conflict and promote democracy. In the wake of South Africa’s Truth and Reconciliation Commissions and the gacaca courts in Rwanda, Bidima offers a compelling model of how to develop an African public space where dialogue can combat misunderstanding. This volume, which includes other essays on legal processes, cultural diversity, memory, and the internet in Africa, offers English-speaking readers the opportunity to become acquainted with a highly original and important postcolonial thinker.

Author Jean Godefroy Bidima
Isbn 0253011280
Genre Philosophy
Year 2013-12-11
Pages 240
Language English
File format PDF

Ex nihilo nihil fit. Philosophy, especially great philosophy, does not appear out of the blue. In the current volume, a team of top scholars-both up-and-coming and established-attempts to trace the philosophical development of one of the greatest philosophers of all time. Featuring twenty new essays and an introduction, it is the first attempt of its kind in English and its appearance coincides with the recent surge of interest in Spinoza in Anglo-American philosophy. Spinoza's fame-or notoriety-is due primarily to his posthumously published magnum opus, the Ethics, and, to a lesser extent, to the 1670 Theological-Political Treatise. Few readers take the time to study his early works carefully. If they do, they are likely to encounter some surprising claims, which often diverge from, or even utterly contradict, the doctrines of the Ethics. Consider just a few of these assertions: that God acts from absolute freedom of will, that God is a whole, that there are no modes in God, that extension is divisible and hence cannot be an attribute of God, and that the intellectual and corporeal substances are modes in relation to God. Yet, though these claims reveal some tension between the early works and the Ethics, there is also a clear continuity between them. Spinoza wrote the Ethics over a long period of time, which spanned most of his philosophical career. The dates of the early drafts of the Ethics seem to overlap with the assumed dates of the composition of the Treatise on the Emendation of the Intellect and the Short Treatise on God, Man, and His Well Being and precede the publication of Spinoza's 1663 book on Descartes' Principles of Philosophy. For this reason, a study of Spinoza's early works (and correspondence) can illuminate the nature of the problems Spinoza addresses in the Ethics, insofar as the views expressed in the early works help us reconstruct the development and genealogy of the Ethics. Indeed, if we keep in mind the common dictum "nothing comes from nothing"-which Spinoza frequently cites and appeals to-it is clear that great works like the Ethics do not appear ex nihilo. In light of the preeminence and majesty of the Ethics, it is difficult to study the early works without having the Ethics in sight. Still, we would venture to say that the value of Spinoza's early works is not at all limited to their being stations on the road leading to the Ethics. A teleological attitude of such a sort would celebrate the works of the "mature Spinoza" at the expense of the early works. However, we have no reason to assume that on all issues the views of the Ethics are better argued, developed, and motivated than those of the early works. In other words, we should keep our minds open to the possibility that on some issues the early works might contain better analysis and argumentation than the Ethics.

Author Yitzhak Y. Melamed
Isbn 0199971684
Genre Philosophy
Year 2015-03-13
Pages 320
Language English
File format PDF

Qu'entendons-nous par « bonheur » ? Dépend-il de nos gènes, de la chance, de notre sensibilité ? Est-ce un état durable ou une suite de plaisirs fugaces ? N’est-il que subjectif ? Faut-il le rechercher ? Peut-on le cultiver ? Souffrance et bonheur peuvent-ils coexister ? Pour tenter de répondre à ces questions, Frédéric Lenoir propose un voyage philosophique, joyeux et plein de saveurs. Une promenade stimulante en compagnie des grands sages d’Orient et d’Occident.Où l’on traversera le jardin des plaisirs avec Epicure. Où l’on entendra raisonner le rire de Montaigne et de Tchouang-tseu. Où l’on croisera le sourire paisible du Bouddha et d’Epictète. Où l’on goûtera à la joie de Spinoza et d’Etty Hillesum. Un cheminement vivant, ponctué d’exemples concrets et des dernières découvertes des neurosciences, pour nous aider à vivre mieux.

Author Frédéric Lenoir
Isbn 2213680426
Genre Social Science
Year 2013-10-30
Pages 240
Language English
File format PDF

Quand Aurélie arrive à l'hôpital avec son bras cassé, sa mère croit pouvoir faire confiance à l'institution. Elle a raison : la fracture d'Aurélie sera bientôt traitée. Mais elle a tort aussi : ce sera sans doute au prix d'une douleur très vive que l'on aurait pu éviter à sa fille. Et elle serait bien étonnée d'apprendre que soulager la douleur d'un enfant blessé, brûlé, opéré ou malade est rarement l'un des objectifs des médecins qui le soignent. Deux médecins, une psychiatre et un anesthésiste, racontent ici ce qui reste un scandale ignoré de notre monde occidental : le déni de la douleur de l'enfant. Ils affirment qu'on peut soulager beaucoup de douleurs, même chez le nouveau-né, et essaient de comprendre pourquoi on ne le fait pas. C'est un appel qu'ils lancent aux parents et aux soignants.

Author Annie Gauvain-Piquard,Michel Meignier
Isbn 2702150683
Genre Self-Help
Year 2014-04-01
Pages 272
Language English
File format PDF

Dans l'œuvre de G.G. Marquez, la présence obsédante de la mort, presque toujours provoquée, est plus qu'une simple image, elle constitue le cœur de l'environnement quotidien et pose la question lancinante de la manière de l'appréhender, de la supporter, paradoxalement de la vivre. La dernière partie de l'ouvrage sur le désir d'immortalité qui sous-tend toute évocation de la mort acquiert une portée nouvelle. Garcia Marquez cherche à y exorciser les débats et les angoisses de son monde intérieur.

Author Charlie Damour
Isbn 214002317X
Genre Literary Criticism
Year 2016-11-15
Pages 370
Language English
File format PDF

En appui à toutes les attentions accordées aux sujets féminins de l'Antiquité romaine, cet ouvrage entend fait ressortir, s'appuyant sur une lecture scrupuleusement rigoureuse des textes, les différentes représentations que leur implication indéniable à l'action collective de leur temps a inspirées aux hommes de Lettres latins. A quel résultat la littérature latine des tout premiers siècles positifs a-t-elle abouti en décrivant un sujet unique -la femme romaine- à travers des plumes nécessairement plurielles ?

Author Alexis Mengue M'Oye
Isbn 2336337762
Genre Social Science
Year 2014-02-01
Pages 436
Language English
File format PDF