This edition is a reprint of the second edition published in 2000 by Brooks/Cole and then Cengage Learning. Principles of Biostatistics is aimed at students in the biological and health sciences who wish to learn modern research methods. It is based on a required course offered at the Harvard School of Public Health. In addition to these graduate students, many health professionals from the Harvard medical area attend as well. The book is divided into three parts. The first five chapters deal with collections of numbers and ways in which to summarize, explore, and explain them. The next two chapters focus on probability and introduce the tools needed for the subsequent investigation of uncertainty. It is only in the eighth chapter and thereafter that the authors distinguish between populations and samples and begin to investigate the inherent variability introduced by sampling, thus progressing to inference. Postponing the slightly more difficult concepts until a solid foundation has been established makes it easier for the reader to comprehend them. All supplements, including a manual for students with solutions for odd-numbered exercises, a manual for instructors with solutions to all exercises, and selected data sets, are available at http://www.crcpress.com/9781138593145. Marcello Pagano is Professor of Statistical Computing in the Department of Biostatistics at the Harvard School of Public Health. His research in biostatistics is on computer intensive inference and surveillance methods that involve screening methodologies, with their associated laboratory tests, and in obtaining more accurate testing results that use existing technologies. Kimberlee Gauvreau is Associate Professor in the Department of Biostatistics and Associate Professor of Pediatrics at Harvard Medical School. Dr. Gauvreau’s research focuses on biostatistical issues arising in the field of pediatric cardiology. She also works on the development and validation of methods of adjustment for case mix complexity.

Author ,
Isbn 0429952465
Genre Mathematics
Year 2018-02-19
Pages 584
Language English
File format PDF

A valuable new edition of a standard reference The use of statistical methods for categorical data has increased dramatically, particularly for applications in the biomedical and social sciences. An Introduction to Categorical Data Analysis, Third Edition summarizes these methods and shows readers how to use them using software. Readers will find a unified generalized linear models approach that connects logistic regression and loglinear models for discrete data with normal regression for continuous data. Adding to the value in the new edition is: • Illustrations of the use of R software to perform all the analyses in the book • A new chapter on alternative methods for categorical data, including smoothing and regularization methods (such as the lasso), classification methods such as linear discriminant analysis and classification trees, and cluster analysis • New sections in many chapters introducing the Bayesian approach for the methods of that chapter • More than 70 analyses of data sets to illustrate application of the methods, and about 200 exercises, many containing other data sets • An appendix showing how to use SAS, Stata, and SPSS, and an appendix with short solutions to most odd-numbered exercises Written in an applied, nontechnical style, this book illustrates the methods using a wide variety of real data, including medical clinical trials, environmental questions, drug use by teenagers, horseshoe crab mating, basketball shooting, correlates of happiness, and much more. An Introduction to Categorical Data Analysis, Third Edition is an invaluable tool for statisticians and biostatisticians as well as methodologists in the social and behavioral sciences, medicine and public health, marketing, education, and the biological and agricultural sciences.

Author Alan Agresti
Isbn 1119405270
Genre Mathematics
Year 2018-10-11
Pages 400
Language English
File format PDF

Handbook of Optical Metrology: Principles and Applications begins by discussing key principles and techniques before exploring practical applications of optical metrology. Designed to provide beginners with an introduction to optical metrology without sacrificing academic rigor, this comprehensive text: Covers fundamentals of light sources, lenses, prisms, and mirrors, as well as optoelectronic sensors, optical devices, and optomechanical elements Addresses interferometry, holography, and speckle methods and applications Explains Moiré metrology and the optical heterodyne measurement method Delves into the specifics of diffraction, scattering, polarization, and near-field optics Considers applications for measuring length and size, displacement, straightness and parallelism, flatness, and three-dimensional shapes This new Second Edition is fully revised to reflect the latest developments. It also includes four new chapters—nearly 100 pages—on optical coherence tomography for industrial applications, interference microscopy for surface structure analysis, noncontact dimensional and profile metrology by video measurement, and optical metrology in manufacturing technology.

Author Toru Yoshizawa
Isbn 1466573619
Genre Technology & Engineering
Year 2017-07-28
Pages 919
Language English
File format PDF

Advances in forensic odontology have led to improvements in dental identification for individual cases as well as in disaster victim identification (DVI). New and updated technologies mean advances in bitemark analysis and age estimation. Growth in the field has strengthened missing persons’ networks leading to more and faster identifications of unidentified individuals. A product of the American Society of Forensic Odontology, the Manual of Forensic Odontology, Fifth Edition provides comprehensive and up-to-date information involving all facets of forensic dentistry and explores critical issues relating to the scientific principles supporting the field’s evaluations and conclusions. New information in the Fifth Edition includes Scientific principles and the need for more and better research in the field Oral and maxillofacial radiographic features of forensic interest Forensic pathology and its ties to forensic odontology New techniques and improved technologies for age estimation Advances in bitemark evidence management Animal bitemarks National and international forensic dental organizations Tips for becoming involved in forensic odontology The manual has been an important source of forensic dentistry information for more than 20 years. This new edition is edited by a past president of the American Board of Forensic Odontology and a past Chair of the Odontology Section of the American Academy of Forensic Sciences. Expanded and enhanced with extensive color illustrations, this volume is designed to provide essential information based on sound scientific principles for experienced forensic odontologists and for those new to the discipline.

Author David R. Senn,Richard A. Weems
Isbn 1439851344
Genre Law
Year 2013-01-22
Pages 461
Language English
File format PDF

Biostatistics and Epidemiology/A Primer for Health Professionals offers practical guidelines and gives a concise framework for research and interpretation in the field. In addition to major sections covering statistics and epidemiology, the book includes a comprehensive exploration of scientific methodology, probability, and the clinical trial. The principles and methods described in this book are basic and apply to all medical subspecialties, psychology and education. The primer will be especially useful to public health officials and students looking for an understandable treatment of the subject.

Author Sylvia Wassertheil-Smoller
Isbn 1475738870
Genre Science
Year 2013-03-09
Pages 119
Language English
File format PDF

This text provides the reader with a single book where they can find accounts of a number of up-to-date issues in nonparametric inference. The book is aimed at Masters or PhD level students in statistics, computer science, and engineering. It is also suitable for researchers who want to get up to speed quickly on modern nonparametric methods. It covers a wide range of topics including the bootstrap, the nonparametric delta method, nonparametric regression, density estimation, orthogonal function methods, minimax estimation, nonparametric confidence sets, and wavelets. The book’s dual approach includes a mixture of methodology and theory.

Author Larry Wasserman
Isbn 9780387306230
Genre Mathematics
Year 2006-09-10
Pages 270
Language English
File format PDF

A comprehensive guidebook to the current methodologies and practices used in health surveys A unique and self-contained resource, Handbook of Health Survey Methods presents techniques necessary for confronting challenges that are specific to health survey research. The handbook guides readers through the development of sample designs, data collection procedures, and analytic methods for studies aimed at gathering health information on general and targeted populations. The book is organized into five well-defined sections: Design and Sampling Issues, Measurement Issues, Field Issues, Health Surveys of Special Populations, and Data Management and Analysis. Maintaining an easy-to-follow format, each chapter begins with an introduction, followed by an overview of the main concepts, theories, and applications associated with each topic. Finally, each chapter provides connections to relevant online resources for additional study and reference. The Handbook of Health Survey Methods features: 29 methodological chapters written by highly qualified experts in academia, research, and industry A treatment of the best statistical practices and specific methodologies for collecting data from special populations such as sexual minorities, persons with disabilities, patients, and practitioners Discussions on issues specific to health research including developing physical health and mental health measures, collecting information on sensitive topics, sampling for clinical trials, collecting biospecimens, working with proxy respondents, and linking health data to administrative and other external data sources Numerous real-world examples from the latest research in the fields of public health, biomedicine, and health psychology Handbook of Health Survey Methods is an ideal reference for academics, researchers, and practitioners who apply survey methods and analyze data in the fields of biomedicine, public health, epidemiology, and biostatistics. The handbook is also a useful supplement for upper-undergraduate and graduate-level courses on survey methodology.

Author Timothy P. Johnson
Isbn 1118594746
Genre Medical
Year 2014-10-13
Pages 840
Language English
File format PDF

The book covers the latest updates in the application of infrared to biomedical sciences, a non-invasive, contactless, safe and easy approach imaging of skin and tissue temperatures. Its diagnostic procedure allows practitioners to identify the locations of abnormal chemical and blood vessel activity such as angiogenesis in body tissue. Its non-invasive approach works by applying the technology of the infrared camera and state-of-the-art software, where high-resolution digital infrared imaging technology benefits highly from enhanced image production, standardized image interpretation protocols, computerized comparison and storage, and sophisticated image enhancement and analysis. The book contains contributions from global prominent scientists in the area of infrared applications in biomedical studies. The target audience includes academics, practitioners, clinicians and students working in the area of infrared imaging in biomedicine.

Author Eddie YK Ng,Mahnaz Etehadtavakol
Isbn 9811031479
Genre Technology & Engineering
Year 2017-03-23
Pages 552
Language English
File format PDF

The last decade has produced many textbooks on Biostatistics, with varying emphasis and degrees of mathematical complexity. This book has stood the test of time and continues to enjoy wide acceptance among students of all health and allied professions, other students and even qualified health investigators, who find it practical, simple and yet precise. This fully updated and thoroughly revised Fifth Edition, while retaining the fundamental concepts, acquaints the reader with the advances in the subject. The book explains the concepts involved in arriving at the sample size and also a quick solution to the estimation of sample size. Survival analysis and log-rank test are illustrated with examples. The essentials of Chi square tests are simplified and presented. Two-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) is explained with two examples, with and without interaction term. The chapters on Research Methods, Interventional Studies and Observational Studies provide step-by-step guide to plan and carry out quality research. Questions given in each chapter will help the learner to gauge the level of understanding of the principles and applications. Clues to the use of computer packages are provided whenever necessary. Intended for undergraduate and postgraduate medical students as well as for nursing and paramedical students, the book will also be immensely useful to medical/health faculty and researchers in the field of Biostatistics. KEY FEATURES : A new chapter on Sample Size Determination Several new sections Extensive revision of practically all chapters Provision of new examples Chapter-end exercises

Author P. S. S. SUNDAR RAO,J. RICHARD
Isbn 8120345207
Genre Medical
Year 2012-01-09
Pages 280
Language English
File format PDF

This book challenges universities to rethink their missions and to re-structure courses, research programs, and campus life in terms of sustainability. The author offers valuable theoretical and practical resources for students, teachers, researchers, and administrators who seek sustainability in higher education. Sustainability is explored as an outcome and a process of learning, and also as a catalyst for educational change and institutional innovation.

Author Peter Blaze Corcoran,Arjen E.J. Wals
Isbn 030648515X
Genre Business & Economics
Year 2007-05-08
Pages 356
Language English
File format PDF

Bariatric surgery is an increasingly common procedure, but far from an easy one. Patient assessment and selection must be careful. Complications can arise quite often. Training levels can be uneven among clinicians. The SAGES Manual of Bariatric Surgery bridges the gaps and serves as a practical and concise starting point for the surgeon adding these procedures to his skill set.

Author Ninh T. Nguyen,Eric DeMaria,Sayeed Ikramuddin,Matthew M. Hutter
Isbn 0387691715
Genre Medical
Year 2008-11-24
Pages 280
Language English
File format PDF

The Biostatistics course is often found in the schools of public Health, medical schools, and, occasionally, in statistics and biology departments. The population of students in these courses is a diverse one, with varying preparedness. The book assumes the reader has at least two years of high school algebra, but no previous exposure to statistics is required. Written for individuals who might be fearful of mathematics, this book minimizes the technical difficulties and emphasizes the importance of statistics in scientific investigation. An understanding of underlying design and analysis is stressed. The limitations of the research, design and analytical techniques are discussed, allowing the reader to accurately interpret results. Real data, both processed and raw, are used extensively in examples and exercises. Statistical computing packages - MINITAB, SAS and Stata - are integrated. The use of the computer and software allows a sharper focus on the concepts, letting the computer do the necessary number-crunching. * Emphasizes underlying statistical concepts more than competing texts * Focuses on experimental design and analysis, at an elementary level * Includes an introduction to linear correlation and regression * Statistics are central: probability is downplayed * Presents life tables and survival analysis * Appendix with solutions to many exercises * Special instructor's manual with solution to all exercises

Author Ronald N. Forthofer,Eun Sul Lee
Isbn 1483296741
Genre Computers
Year 2014-05-19
Pages 567
Language English
File format PDF

Epidemiology and Demography in Public Health provides practical guidance on planning and implementing surveillance and investigation of disease and disease outbreaks. Exploring contributing factors to the dynamics of disease transmission and the identification of population risks, it also includes a discussion of ehtics in epidemiology and demography including important issues of privacy vs. public safety. With a chapter on H1N1 and Bird flu, this book will be important for students and professionals in public health and epidemiology. Focuses on the techniques of surveillance and investigation of disease Includes biostatistics and analysis techniques Explores the ethics of disease studies Includes chapter discussing H1N1 and Bird Flu

Author Japhet Killewo,Kristian Heggenhougen,Stella R. Quah
Isbn 9780123822017
Genre Social Science
Year 2010-08-18
Pages 512
Language English
File format PDF

The evolution of technological advances in infrared sensor technology, image processing, "smart" algorithms, knowledge-based databases, and their overall system integration has resulted in new methods of research and use in medical infrared imaging. The development of infrared cameras with focal plane arrays no longer requiring cooling, added a new dimension to this modality. Medical Infrared Imaging: Principles and Practices covers new ideas, concepts, and technologies along with historical background and clinical applications. The book begins by exploring worldwide advances in the medical applications of thermal imaging systems. It covers technology and hardware including detectors, detector materials, un-cooled focal plane arrays, high performance systems, camera characterization, electronics for on-chip image processing, optics, and cost-reduction designs. It then discusses the physiological basis of the thermal signature and its interpretation in a medical setting. The book also covers novel and emerging techniques, the complexities and importance of protocols for effective and reproducible results, storage and retrieval of thermal images, and ethical obligations. Of interest to both the medical and biomedical engineering communities, the book explores many opportunities for developing and conducting multidisciplinary research in many areas of medical infrared imaging. These range from clinical quantification to intelligent image processing for enhancement of the interpretation of images, and for further development of user-friendly high-resolution thermal cameras. These would enable the wide use of infrared imaging as a viable, noninvasive, low-cost, first-line detection modality.

Author Mary Diakides,Joseph D. Bronzino,Donald R. Peterson
Isbn 1439872503
Genre Medical
Year 2012-12-12
Pages 638
Language English
File format PDF