This book provides an introduction to physical chemistry that is directed toward applications to the biological sciences. Advanced mathematics is not required. This book can be used for either a one semester or two semester course, and as a reference volume by students and faculty in the biological sciences.

Author Gordon G. Hammes,Sharon Hammes-Schiffer
Isbn 1118858913
Genre Science
Year 2015-04-10
Pages 504
Language English
File format PDF

This book is designed for students of biology, molecular biology, ecology, medicine, agriculture, forestry and other professions where the knowledge of organic chemistry plays the important role. The work may also be of interest to non-professionals, as well as to teachers in high schools. The book consists of 11 chapters that cover: - basic principles of structure and constitution of organic compounds, - the elements of the nomenclature, - the concepts of the nature of chemical bond, - introductions in NMR and IR spectroscopy, - the concepts and main classes of the organic reaction mechanisms, - reactions and properties of common classes or organic compounds, - and the introduction to the chemistry of the natural organic products followed by basic principles of the reactions in living cells.

Author Hrvoj Vančik
Isbn 3319076051
Genre Medical
Year 2014-06-26
Pages 179
Language English
File format PDF

This edition is for special sale to ESF-COST only. Special cover and front matter printed. Otherwise the contents are the same as ISBN 0444528571/9780444528575. Be aware: this is an adjusted version of 9780444528575. This version is called the COST version. Prelims and cover will have to be printed seperately

Author Hermann Bothe,Stuart Ferguson,William E. Newton
Isbn 0080469442
Genre Science
Year 2006-12-04
Pages 452
Language English
File format PDF

An advanced-level textbook of physical chemistry for the graduate (B.Sc) and postgraduate (M.Sc) students of Indian and foreign universities. This book is a part of four volume series, entitled "A Textbook of Physical Chemistry - Volume I, II, III, IV". CONTENTS: Chapter 1. Quantum Mechanics – I: Postulates of quantum mechanics; Derivation of Schrodinger wave equation; Max-Born interpretation of wave functions; The Heisenberg’s uncertainty principle; Quantum mechanical operators and their commutation relations; Hermitian operators (elementary ideas, quantum mechanical operator for linear momentum, angular momentum and energy as Hermition operator); The average value of the square of Hermitian operators; Commuting operators and uncertainty principle(x & p; E & t); Schrodinger wave equation for a particle in one dimensional box; Evaluation of average position, average momentum and determination of uncertainty in position and momentum and hence Heisenberg’s uncertainty principle; Pictorial representation of the wave equation of a particle in one dimensional box and its influence on the kinetic energy of the particle in each successive quantum level; lowest energy of the particle. Chapter 2. Thermodynamics – I: Brief resume of first and second Law of thermodynamics; Entropy changes in reversible and irreversible processes; Variation of entropy with temperature, pressure and volume; Entropy concept as a measure of unavailable energy and criteria for the spontaneity of reaction; Free energy, enthalpy functions and their significance, criteria for spontaneity of a process; Partial molar quantities (free energy, volume, heat concept); Gibb’s-Duhem equation. Chapter 3. Chemical Dynamics – I: Effect of temperature on reaction rates; Rate law for opposing reactions of Ist order and IInd order; Rate law for consecutive & parallel reactions of Ist order reactions; Collision theory of reaction rates and its limitations; Steric factor; Activated complex theory; Ionic reactions: single and double sphere models; Influence of solvent and ionic strength; The comparison of collision and activated complex theory. Chapter 4. Electrochemistry – I: Ion-ion Interactions: The Debye-Huckel theory of ion- ion interactions; Potential and excess charge density as a function of distance from the central ion; Debye Huckel reciprocal length; Ionic cloud and its contribution to the total potential; Debye - Huckel limiting law of activity coefficients and its limitations; Ion-size effect on potential; Ion-size parameter and the theoretical mean-activity coefficient in the case of ionic clouds with finite-sized ions; Debye - Huckel-Onsager treatment for aqueous solutions and its limitations; Debye-Huckel-Onsager theory for non-aqueous solutions; The solvent effect on the mobality at infinite dilution; Equivalent conductivity (Λ) vs. concentration c 1/2 as a function of the solvent; Effect of ion association upon conductivity (Debye- Huckel - Bjerrum equation). Chapter 5. Quantum Mechanics – II: Schrodinger wave equation for a particle in a three dimensional box; The concept of degeneracy among energy levels for a particle in three dimensional box; Schrodinger wave equation for a linear harmonic oscillator & its solution by polynomial method; Zero point energy of a particle possessing harmonic motion and its consequence; Schrodinger wave equation for three dimensional Rigid rotator; Energy of rigid rotator; Space quantization; Schrodinger wave equation for hydrogen atom, separation of variable in polar spherical coordinates and its solution; Principle, azimuthal and magnetic quantum numbers and the magnitude of their values; Probability distribution function; Radial distribution function; Shape of atomic orbitals (s,p & d). Chapter 6. Thermodynamics – II: Classius-Clayperon equation; Law of mass action and its thermodynamic derivation; Third law of thermodynamics (Nernest heat theorem, determination of absolute entropy, unattainability of absolute zero) and its limitation; Phase diagram for two completely miscible components systems; Eutectic systems, Calculation of eutectic point; Systems forming solid compounds Ax By with congruent and incongruent melting points; Phase diagram and thermodynamic treatment of solid solutions. Chapter 7. Chemical Dynamics – II: Chain reactions: hydrogen-bromine reaction, pyrolysis of acetaldehyde, decomposition of ethane; Photochemical reactions (hydrogen - bromine & hydrogen -chlorine reactions); General treatment of chain reactions (ortho-para hydrogen conversion and hydrogen - bromine reactions); Apparent activation energy of chain reactions, Chain length; Rice-Herzfeld mechanism of organic molecules decomposition(acetaldehyde); Branching chain reactions and explosions ( H2-O2 reaction); Kinetics of (one intermediate) enzymatic reaction : Michaelis-Menton treatment; Evaluation of Michaelis 's constant for enzyme-substrate binding by Lineweaver-Burk plot and Eadie-Hofstae methods; Competitive and non-competitive inhibition. Chapter 8. Electrochemistry – II: Ion Transport in solutions: Ionic movement under the influence of an electric field; Mobility of ions; Ionic drift velocity and its relation with current density; Einstein relation between the absolute mobility and diffusion coefficient; The Stokes- Einstein relation; The Nernst -Einstein equation; Walden’s rule; The Rate-process approach to ionic migration; The Rate process equation for equivalent conductivity; Total driving force for ionic transport, Nernst - Planck Flux equation; Ionic drift and diffusion potential; the Onsager phenomenological equations; The basic equation for the diffusion, Planck-Henderson equation for the diffusion potential.

Author Mandeep Dalal
Isbn 8193872010
Genre Science
Year 2018-01-01
Pages 432
Language English
File format PDF

Essential Laboratory Skills for Biosciences is an essential companion during laboratory sessions. It is designed to be simple and give clear step by step instructions on essential techniques, supported by relevant diagrams. The book includes the use of particular equipment and how to do simple calculations that students come across regularly in laboratory practicals. Written by experienced lecturers this handy pocket book provides: Simple to follow laboratory techniques Clear use of diagrams and illustrations to explain techniques, procedures and equipment Step by step worked out examples of calculations including concentrations, dilutions and molarity Suitable for all first year university students, the techniques in the book will also be useful for postgraduate and final year project students and enhance the practical and theoretical knowledge of all those studying bioscience related subjects.

Author Mohammed Meah,Elizabeth Kebede-Westhead
Isbn 1119966760
Genre Science
Year 2012-02-23
Pages 152
Language English
File format PDF

The following work is devoted to an account of the characteristics of crowds. Organized crowds have always played an important part in the life of peoples, but this part has never been of such moment as at present. The substitution of the unconscious action of crowds for the conscious activity of individuals is one of the principal characteristics of the present age. Crowds, doubtless, are always unconscious, but this very unconsciousness is perhaps one of the secrets of their strength. In the natural world beings exclusively governed by instinct accomplish acts whose marvelous complexity astounds us. Reason is an attribute of humanity of too recent date and still too imperfect to reveal to us the laws of the unconscious, and still more to take its place. The part played by the unconscious in all our acts is immense, and that played by reason very small.

Author Gustave Le Bon
Isbn 1775416275
Genre Psychology
Year 2009-08-01
Pages 273
Language English
File format PDF

Introduction to the Chemistry of Food describes the molecular composition of food and the chemistry of its components. It provides students with an understanding of chemical and biochemical reactions that impact food quality and contribute to wellness. This innovative approach enables students in food science, nutrition and culinology to better understand the role of chemistry in food. Specifically, the text provides background in food composition, demonstrates how chemistry impacts quality, and highlights its role in creating novel foods. Each chapter contains a review section with suggested learning activities. Text and supplemental materials can be used in traditional face-to-face, distance, or blended learning formats. Describes the major and minor components of food Explains the functional properties contributed by proteins, carbohydrates and lipids in food Explores the chemical and enzymatic reactions affecting food attributes (color, flavor and nutritional quality) Describes the gut microbiome and influence of food components on its microbial population Reviews major food systems and novel sources of food protein

Author Michael Zeece
Isbn 0128117265
Genre Technology & Engineering
Year 2020-01-30
Pages 430
Language English
File format PDF

This volume, with contributions from leading international experts, reports on the need to produce high quality food whilst satisfying environmental concerns. Including material on natural products, modes of action and metabolism, it covers all the key areas in pesticide chemistry and related activities. The contents outline the developments that have taken place in approaches to crop protection and our ability to develop complex, environmentally acceptable strategies for weed, pest and disease control.

Author G. T. Brooks,T. Roberts
Isbn 184569841X
Genre Technology & Engineering
Year 1999-01-01
Pages 438
Language English
File format PDF

The importance of metals in biology, the environment and medicine has become increasingly evident over the last twenty five years. The study of the multiple roles of metal ions in biological systems, the rapidly expanding interface between inorganic chemistry and biology constitutes the subject called Biological Inorganic Chemistry. The present text, written by a biochemist, with a long career experience in the field (particularly iron and copper) presents an introduction to this exciting and dynamic field. The book begins with introductory chapters, which together constitute an overview of the concepts, both chemical and biological, which are required to equip the reader for the detailed analysis which follows. Pathways of metal assimilation, storage and transport, as well as metal homeostasis are dealt with next. Thereafter, individual chapters discuss the roles of sodium and potassium, magnesium, calcium, zinc, iron, copper, nickel and cobalt, manganese, and finally molybdenum, vanadium, tungsten and chromium. The final three chapters provide a tantalising view of the roles of metals in brain function, biomineralization and a brief illustration of their importance in both medicine and the environment. Relaxed and agreeable writing style. The reader will not only fiind the book easy to read, the fascinating anecdotes and footnotes will give him pegs to hang important ideas on. Written by a biochemist. Will enable the reader to more readily grasp the biological and clinical relevance of the subject. Many colour illustrations. Enables easier visualization of molecular mechanisms Written by a single author. Ensures homgeneity of style and effective cross referencing between chapters

Author Robert R. Crichton
Isbn 9780080556222
Genre Science
Year 2007-12-11
Pages 381
Language English
File format PDF

Analytical methods are the essential enabling tools of the modern biosciences. This book presents a comprehensive introduction into these analytical methods, including their physical and chemical backgrounds, as well as a discussion of the strengths and weakness of each method. It covers all major techniques for the determination and experimental analysis of biological macromolecules, including proteins, carbohydrates, lipids and nucleic acids. The presentation includes frequent cross-references in order to highlight the many connections between different techniques. The book provides a bird's eye view of the entire subject and enables the reader to select the most appropriate method for any given bioanalytical challenge. This makes the book a handy resource for students and researchers in setting up and evaluating experimental research. The depth of the analysis and the comprehensive nature of the coverage mean that there is also a great deal of new material, even for experienced experimentalists. The following techniques are covered in detail: - Purification and determination of proteins - Measuring enzymatic activity - Microcalorimetry - Immunoassays, affinity chromatography and other immunological methods - Cross-linking, cleavage, and chemical modification of proteins - Light microscopy, electron microscopy and atomic force microscopy - Chromatographic and electrophoretic techniques - Protein sequence and composition analysis - Mass spectrometry methods - Measuring protein-protein interactions - Biosensors - NMR and EPR of biomolecules - Electron microscopy and X-ray structure analysis - Carbohydrate and lipid analysis - Analysis of posttranslational modifications - Isolation and determination of nucleic acids - DNA hybridization techniques - Polymerase chain reaction techniques - Protein sequence and composition analysis - DNA sequence and epigenetic modification analysis - Analysis of protein-nucleic acid interactions - Analysis of sequence data - Proteomics, metabolomics, peptidomics and toponomics - Chemical biology

Author Friedrich Lottspeich,Joachim W. Engels
Isbn 3527694463
Genre Science
Year 2018-03-08
Pages 1000
Language English
File format PDF

The Chemistry and Bacteriology of Public Health deals with public health hygiene. This book reviews the alkalimetry, acidimetry, standard solutions, normal solutions, and the preparation of solutions in public health laboratories, including methods of estimating equivalent weights of substances. In collecting water samples for analysis, the investigator should avoid all sources of extraneous contamination. The Wanklyn's process analyzes organic matter in the water: different tests give quantitative estimates of water contamination or bacterial purity. The authors point that the process of analyzing sewage and sewage effluents are the same as in water analysis except that sewage is diluted with distilled water. The authors also explain how air and water are analyzed, soil analysis being a complex process. The authors discuss milk analysis (fresh, boiled, skimmed, powdered, condensed), butter, cheese, food grains. Microscopic examination of bacteria from samples taken are examined alive, in film preparations, or in sections. The book describes in detail the different types of bacteria, their occurrence, and how these are examined or cultured. This book is intended as a laboratory handbook for students taking up the examination in Public Health. The book can also prove beneficial for social worker, public health officials, and for undergraduate medical students.

Author C. L. Dunn,D. D. Pandya
Isbn 1483195538
Genre Medical
Year 2013-10-22
Pages 426
Language English
File format PDF

Barley: Chemistry and Technology, Second Edition is an important resource for any cereal chemist, food scientist, or crop scientist who needs to understand the development, structure, composition, and end-use properties of the barley grain for cultivation, trade, and utilization. Editors Peter R. Shewry and Steven E. Ullrich bring together a wide range of international authorities on barley to create this truly unique, encyclopedic reference work that covers the massive increase in barley knowledge over the past 20 years, since the first edition of this book was published. Barley: Chemistry and Technology, Second Edition offers the latest coverage of barley’s applications in milling, breeding, and production for food, feed, malting, brewing, distilling, and biofuels. It delivers a complete update of the latest knowledge of barley’s many components, from the genetic and molecular level to its many constituents, such as proteins, carbohydrates, arabinoxylans, minerals, lipids, terpenoids, phenolics, and vitamins. This important book also includes chapters on barley’s plant and grain development from both the physiological and genetic perspectives, making it an important resource not only for cereal and food scientists but also for crop scientists involved in breeding, agronomy, and related plant sciences New coverage includes: Updated, comprehensive knowledge on barley’s components, including proteins, carbohydrates, arabinoxylans, and bioactive effects New end-use ideas for barley as an ingredient in food products Nonfood industrial applications for barley, including biofuels A new chapter on barley’s health benefits Molecular breeding for malting quality

Author Peter R Shewry,Steven E Ullrich
Isbn 0128123699
Genre Technology & Engineering
Year 2014-01-01
Pages 337
Language English
File format PDF

This work presents the findings of an extensive study on the state-of-the-art regarding the problem of food waste in Belarus, Estonia, Germany, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland and Sweden. The results show that the problem of food waste can be found at different levels in each country and that our knowledge of it is limited by the current lack of studies in the area. The problem is primarily due to food waste generated by the manufacturing sector, mostly in the form of unused or inefficiently used by-products, as well as on a share of food thrown away by households that is still suitable for human consumption. The main reduction/prevention method, applied across the countries, is food donation; the remaining methods are the same ones used for biodegradable waste in the respective countries. The findings gathered in this study show a number of potential measures/methods for sustainable food waste management, which may be considered in future works in order to reduce the amounts of food waste generated in each of the aforementioned countries.

Author Walter Leal Filho,Marina Kovaleva
Isbn 3319109065
Genre Science
Year 2014-09-12
Pages 222
Language English
File format PDF

Biotechnology: A Laboratory Course is a series of laboratory exercises demonstrating the in-depth experience and understanding of selected methods, techniques, and instrumentation used in biotechnology. This manual is an outgrowth of an introductory laboratory course for senior undergraduate and first year graduate students in the biological sciences at The University of Tennessee. This book is composed of 19 chapters and begins with some introductory notes on record keeping and safety rules. The first exercises include pH measurement, the use of micropipettors and spectrophotometers, the concept of aseptic technique, and preparation of culture media. The subsequent exercises involve the application of the growth curve, the isolation, purification, and concentration of plasmid DNA from Escherichia coli, and the process of agarose gel electrophoresis. Other exercises include the preparation, purification, and hybridization of probe, the transformation of Saccharomyces cerevisiae, the transformation of E. coli by plasmid DNA, and the principles and applications of protein assays. The final exercises explore the ?-galactosidase assay and the purification and determination of ?-galactosidase in permeabilized yeast cells. This book is of great value to undergraduate biotechnology and molecular biology students.

Author Jeffery M. Becker
Isbn 0323159133
Genre Science
Year 2012-12-02
Pages 250
Language English
File format PDF

The growing global demand for food, feed and bio-based renewable material is changing the conditions for agricultural production worldwide. At the same time, revolutionary achievements in the field of biosciences are contributing to a transition whereby bio-based alternatives for energy and materials are becoming more competitive. Creating Sustainable Bioeconomies explores the prospects for biosciences and how its innovation has the potential to help countries in the North (Europe) and the South (Africa) to move towards resource efficient agriculture and sustainable bioeconomies. Throughout the book, the situations of Europe and Sub-Saharan Africa will be compared and contrasted, and opportunities for mutual learning and collaboration are explored. The chapters have been written by high profile authors and deal with a wide range of issues affecting the development of bioeconomies on both continents. This book compares and contrasts the situations of these two regions as they endeavour to develop knowledge based bioeconomies. This volume is suitable for those who are interested in ecological economics, development economics and environmental economics. It also provides action plans assisting policy-makers in both areas to support the transition to knowledge based and sustainable bioeconomies.

Author Ivar Virgin,E. Jane Morris
Isbn 1317594428
Genre Business & Economics
Year 2016-08-25
Pages 276
Language English
File format PDF

College Biology Multiple Choice Questions and Answers (MCQs): Quizzes & Practice Tests with Answer Key (College Biology Quick Study Guide & Course Review) covers course assessment tests for competitive exams to solve 2000 MCQs. "College Biology MCQ" with answers covers fundamental concepts with theoretical and analytical reasoning tests. "College Biology Quiz" PDF study guide helps to practice test questions for exam review. "College Biology Multiple Choice Questions and Answers" PDF book to download covers solved quiz questions and answers PDF on topics: Bioenergetics, biological molecules, cell biology, coordination and control, enzymes, fungi, recyclers kingdom, gaseous exchange, growth and development, kingdom animalia, kingdom plantae, kingdom prokaryotae, kingdom protoctista, nutrition, reproduction, support and movements, transport biology, variety of life, and what is homeostasis for college and university level exams. "College Biology Questions and Answers" PDF covers exam's viva, interview questions and certificate exam preparation with answer key. College biology quick study guide includes terminology definitions in self-teaching guide from biology textbooks on chapters: Bioenergetics MCQs Biological Molecules MCQs Cell Biology MCQs Coordination and Control MCQs Enzymes MCQs Fungi: Recyclers Kingdom MCQs Gaseous Exchange MCQs Growth and Development MCQs Kingdom Animalia MCQs Kingdom Plantae MCQs Kingdom Prokaryotae MCQs Kingdom Protoctista MCQs Nutrition MCQs Reproduction MCQs Support and Movements MCQs Transport Biology MCQs Variety of life MCQs Homeostasis MCQs Multiple choice questions and answers on bioenergetics MCQ questions PDF covers topics: Chloroplast: photosynthesis in plants, respiration, hemoglobin, introduction to bioenergetics, light: driving energy, photosynthesis reactions, photosynthesis: solar energy to chemical energy conversion, and photosynthetic pigment in bioenergetics. Multiple choice questions and answers on biological molecules MCQ questions PDF covers topics: Amino acid, carbohydrates, cellulose, cytoplasm, disaccharide, DNA, fatty acids, glycogen, hemoglobin, hormones, importance of carbon, importance of water, introduction to biochemistry, lipids, nucleic acids, proteins (nutrient), RNA and TRNA, and structure of proteins in biological molecules. Multiple choice questions and answers on cell biology MCQ questions PDF covers topics: Cell membrane, chromosome, cytoplasm, DNA, emergence and implication - cell theory, endoplasmic reticulum, nucleus, pigments, pollination, prokaryotic and eukaryotic cell, and structure of cell in cell biology. Multiple choice questions and answers on coordination and control MCQ questions PDF covers topics: Alzheimer’s disease, amphibians, aquatic and terrestrial animals: respiratory organs, auxins, central nervous system, coordination in animals, coordination in plants, cytoplasm, endocrine, epithelium, gibberellins, heartbeat, hormones, human brain, hypothalamus, melanophore stimulating hormone, nervous systems, neurons, Nissls granules, oxytocin, Parkinson’s disease, plant hormone, receptors, secretin, somatotrophin, thyroxine, vasopressin in coordination and control. Multiple choice questions and answers on enzymes MCQ questions PDF covers topics: Enzyme action rate, enzymes characteristics, introduction to enzymes, and mechanism of enzyme action in enzymes. Multiple choice questions and answers on fungi recycler’s kingdom MCQ questions PDF covers topics: Asexual reproduction, classification of fungi, cytoplasm, fungi reproduction, fungus body, importance of fungi, introduction of biology, introduction to fungi, and nutrition in recycler’s kingdom. Multiple choice questions and answers on gaseous exchange MCQ questions PDF covers topics: Advantages and disadvantages: aquatic and terrestrial animals: respiratory organs, epithelium, gaseous exchange in plants, gaseous exchange transport, respiration, hemoglobin, respiration regulation, respiratory gas exchange, and stomata in gaseous exchange. Multiple choice questions and answers on growth and development MCQ questions PDF covers topics: Acetabularia, aging process, animals: growth and development, central nervous system, blastoderm, degeneration, differentiation, fertilized ovum, germs, mesoderm, plants: growth and development, primordia, sperms, and zygote in growth and development. Multiple choice questions and answers on kingdom animalia MCQ questions PDF covers topics: Amphibians, asexual reproduction, cnidarians, development of animals complexity, grade bilateria, grade radiata, introduction to kingdom animalia, mesoderm, nematodes, parazoa, phylum, platyhelminthes, and sponges in kingdom animalia. Multiple choice questions and answers on kingdom plantae MCQ questions PDF covers topics: Classification, division bryophyta, evolution of leaf, evolution of seed habit, germination, introduction to kingdom plantae, megasporangium, pollen, pollination, sperms, sphenopsida, sporophyte, stomata, and xylem in kingdom plantae. 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Author Arshad Iqbal
Isbn
Genre Science
Year 2019-06-06
Pages 376
Language English
File format PDF

This is the eBook of the printed book and may not include any media, website access codes, or print supplements that may come packaged with the bound book. Now completely up-to-date with the latest research advances, the Seventh Edition of James D. Watson’s classic book, Molecular Biology of the Gene retains the distinctive character of earlier editions that has made it the most widely used book in molecular biology. Twenty-two concise chapters, co-authored by six highly distinguished biologists, provide current, authoritative coverage of an exciting, fast-changing discipline.

Author James D. Watson,Tania A. Baker,Stephen P. Bell,Alexander Gann,Michael Levine,Richard Losick
Isbn 032189670X
Genre Science
Year 2013-03-20
Pages 880
Language English
File format PDF

During the recent decades, social, political and academic endeavours have been made to improve environmental quality and reduce pollution. In particular, the ocean, sea and coastal areas show varying degrees of impact from the multiple human activities carried out in the terrestrial as well as in the aquatic environment. Ecology is a science which studies the relationship between organisms and the surrounding environment and in the modern era, the marine world is getting increasing attention. For centuries it has been the final reservoir of human garbage; later it became an oil farm with a concomitant increase of coastal population growth and unplanned growth of the fishing industry and the increasing use of sea routes for cargo transport and recreational uses (cruises). All this led to rising contamination with negative effects on biota and even human health. It is then imperative to know the current situation of the world's oceans: that is the main purpose of this book, to document at a glance the latest research in the field of ocean pollution.

Author Andres Hugo Arias,Sandra Elizabeth Botte
Isbn 135133753X
Genre Science
Year 2020-03-23
Pages 346
Language English
File format PDF