Les monstres en ont rarement l’apparence. Forcée à épouser un homme que je devrais haïr, je suis désormais unie à Damian. Parfois, je me demande ce qu’il voit quand il me regarde. Une biche dans les phares d’un camion, j’imagine. En revanche, ce que je vois est très clair. Des ténèbres. Du désir. Une envie charnelle. Un homme bien trop expérimenté. Le jour où il m’a prise, il m’a dit que je lui appartenais. Et il l’a prouvé lors de notre nuit de noces. Je le crois quand il me dit qu’il me protégera, parce qu’il ne laisse personne toucher à ce qui est à lui. Pourtant, je ne peux pas oublier ce qu’il est. Je ne peux pas oublier ce qu’il a fait. Et quoi qu’il advienne, je ne peux pas me laisser aller à l’aimer. Promesse impie et Alliance impie forment une romance en deux parties, à lire dans l’ordre.

Author ,
Isbn
Genre Fiction
Year 2021-07-07
Pages 434
Language English
File format PDF

Cristina Les monstres ne rôdent pas dans l’obscurité. Quand j’ai rencontré Damian Di Santo dans un couloir sombre de ma maison de famille, j’ai su que c’était un monstre. J’étais une fillette apeurée. Et lui, c’était déjà un homme. C’est à ce moment que son compte à rebours malsain a commencé. Sous le signe des roses fanées et des épines acérées, huit années se sont écoulées, chacune me rapprochant un peu plus de cette alliance fatidique. Jusqu’à la veille de mon dix-huitième anniversaire. Le soir où il est revenu pour réclamer son dû. Damian C’est le hasard qui a placé Cristina sur ma route. C’est le destin qui l’a liée à moi. Cristina et moi partageons un passé commun. Une nuit qui a bouleversé le cours de nos existences. Elle m’a demandé si j’étais un monstre, le soir où je l’ai rencontrée. C’est le cas. Et elle va bientôt comprendre que je suis son monstre. Parce que le compte à rebours qui a commencé huit ans plus tôt vient de toucher à son terme. Son temps est écoulé. Aux douze coups de minuit, elle sera à moi. Promesse impie et Alliance impie forment une romance en deux parties, à lire dans l’ordre.

Author Natasha Knight
Isbn
Genre Fiction
Year 2021-06-06
Pages 404
Language English
File format PDF

The cross-cultural exchange of ideas that flourished in the Mediterranean during the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries profoundly affected European and Islamic society. Gardens of Renaissance Europe and the Islamic Empires considers the role and place of gardens and landscapes in the broader context of the information sharing that took place among Europeans and Islamic empires in Turkey, Persia, and India. In illustrating commonalities in the design, development, and people’s perceptions of gardens and nature in both regions, this volume substantiates important parallels in the revolutionary advancements in landscape architecture that took place during the era. The contributors explain how the exchange of gardeners as well as horticultural and irrigation techniques influenced design traditions in the two cultures; examine concurrent shifts in garden and urban landscape design, such as the move toward more public functionality; and explore the mutually influential effects of politics, economics, and culture on composed outdoor space. In doing so, they shed light on the complexity of cultures and politics during the Renaissance. A thoughtfully composed look at the effects of cross-cultural exchange on garden design during a pivotal time in world history, this thought-provoking book points to new areas in inquiry about the influences, confluences, and connections between European and Islamic garden traditions. In addition to the editor, the contributors include Cristina Castel-Branco, Paula Henderson, Simone M. Kaiser, Ebba Koch, Christopher Pastore, Laurent Paya, D. Fairchild Ruggles, Jill Sinclair, and Anatole Tchikine.

Author Mohammad Gharipour
Isbn 0271080671
Genre Art
Year 2017-10-12
Pages 272
Language English
File format PDF

Ce livre a hérité et développé les principes fondamentaux du marxisme et a analysé la structure historique du monde en utilisant la dialectique matérialiste et prévoit la direction que prend le mouvement socialiste et les moyens de réaliser le communisme.Cela compense non seulement la partie dynamique horizontale de la théorie marxiste, mais indique également une voie logique pour le développement de la société humaine.En outre, il prédit la proposition et la pratique de " la Ceinture économique de la Route de la soie " de la Chine sous divers aspects et fournit la base théorique et la justification pour la construction d'une communauté avec un avenir partagé pour l'humanité. En ce qui concerne de la théorie du mouvement contradictoire entre les forces productives et les relations de production est la théorie pour analyser l'histoire du monde aussi est utilisée pour guider la révolution et la construction socialistes ainsi que.Néanmoins, les écrivains classiques n'ont pas réussi à dévoiler leurs relations en raison des limites historiques de la dialectique matérialiste et du manque de perspective horizontale pour étudier le développement de la nature et de la société humaine.En conséquence, les forces productives ou les relations de production sont considérées comme le seul facteur déterminant dans la théorie et la pratique marxistes, et l'argument demeure.Ce livre, basé sur un grand nombre d'analyses empiriques, a résolu le problème fondamental du matérialisme historique du point de vue de la concurrence géographique.Ce livre soutient qu'après l'invention de l'agriculture au néolithique, la concurrence entre espèces a été remplacée par la concurrence géographique basée sur la terre, qui est devenue le moteur fondamental du développement de la société humaine.Elle a non seulement suscité la propriété privée et des organisations sociales telles que des clans patriarcaux, des tribus, des nationalités, des classes, des pays et des régions, mais a également fait concurrencer les "deux pôles" de l'Orient et l’ occident en modifiant les formes sociales, en développant les forces productives et en façonnant histoire du monde après la formation des nomades de l'Asie centrale. Ce livre divise en trois générations l’histoire des compétitions "bipolaires" entre l'Orient et l’ occident après 500 av.Le début de la première génération a été marqué par la puissance de la Chine féodale en tant que centre du pouvoir, se terminant par la montée du Royaume-Uni capitaliste de l'Angleterre, qui était le noyau de la seconde génération .Au cours de cette phase, avec l’acquisition des «taxes foncières» comme moteur, quatre entités politico-économiques relativement indépendantes se sont formées d’est en ouest avec un degré de civilisation décroissant: la Chine ancienne, l’Asie intérieure, l’islam et Zone 4, Zone 3, Zone 2 et Zone 1 respectivement de ce livre).La deuxième génération , avec le Royaume-Uni capitaliste comme centre du pouvoir, s'est achevée avec le développement de la Chine socialiste, qui était le noyau du pouvoir lors de la troisième génération .La force motrice à ce stade était la réalisation du "marché des matières premières".Sur la base du schéma mondial bipolaire de la première génération, deux entités politico-économiques relativement indépendantes, le système capitaliste et le système socialiste, ont été formées d'ouest en est.Cette phase était divisée en trois phases de colonisation économique, centrées sur les domaines des biens publics, du monopole naturel et de la concurrence.Ce livre utilise une grande quantité de données historiques pour analyser les niveaux spécifiques des deux générations.Bien que le support des données factuelles ne soit parfois pas suffisant et que certaines conclusions puissent être discutées, le système théorique est complet, conformément aux événements macroéconomiques,et le cadre général est convaincant. En analysant les première et deuxième générations , ce livre propose une prédiction théorique des phases et des résultats de la troisième génération .Ce livre soutient que la troisième génération a commencé avec le développement de la Chine socialiste et se terminera avec la réalisation du communisme mondial et l'extinction des relations géocompétitives.Le moteur de cette génération est l'acquisition d'une "coopération dans le domaine des droits de propriété".Sur la base du schéma mondial bipolaire de la deuxième génération, le pays subira trois phases de coopération entre entreprises d'État dans les domaines de la concurrence, du monopole naturel et des biens publics.Le monde, d'est en ouest, formera une entité sans différence sociale. Ce livre soutient que dans le contexte de l'Ouest avantageux et de l'Est défavorisé la mondialisation économique, les pays du monde, en particulier les grands pays en développement, ne peuvent s'unir structurellement que sur la base de l'économie géologique, renforcent la coopération transnationale entre entreprises d'État de l 'est à l' Ouest et de la facilité à la difficulté,pour la coopération transfrontalière des entreprises d’État de briser la restriction naturelle de l’économie privée, d’obtenir le statut de société principale dans la concurrence mondiale, de résoudre le problème de la demande suffisante sur le territoire national et à l’étranger, d’améliorer la situation économique et politique du pays., dans la classe ouvrière dans divers pays et se débarrasser de la dépendance au système colonial capitaliste.La coopération en matière de droits de propriété des entreprises d’État est donc le moteur fondamental du développement futur de la société humaine.Ce livre résume ce processus historique de coopération économique en tant que force motrice (la coopération transnationale en matière de droits de propriété des entreprises publiques), en trois phases (premières zones 4 et 3, puis zones 4, 3 et 2, et enfin zones 4, 3 , 2 et 1) et trois domaines (la concurrence, le monopole naturel et enfin les biens publics). Le livre a été finalisé au début de 2013 et la version chinoise a été publiée par la Central Compilation & Translation Press en mars 2014. En septembre et octobre 2013, le président chinois Xi Jinping a proposé au monde l'initiative visant à créer conjointement la "ceinture économique de la route de la soie". "et la" Route de la soie maritime du 21ème siècle ".L’initiative «une ceinture et une route », qui remonte son histoire jusqu’à l’ancienne route de la soie, vise à créer ensemble une communauté d’intérêts, d’avenir et de responsabilités partagés par le biais d’une coopération économique mettant en avant la confiance politique mutuelle, l’intégration économique et la tolérance culturelle.Depuis son lancement, cette initiative a fait l’objet d’une attention soutenue et de la reconnaissance de la communauté internationale.Il a réussi avec succès à résoudre les problèmes économiques propres à la Chine, en fournissant un approvisionnement suffisant aux pays le long de la route, en renforçant l'élan endogène dans les pays non développés, en améliorant le niveau de vie de la population et en favorisant la conservation et l'appréciation des avoirs excédentaires dans le monde.Nous pouvons constater que, dans le cadre de "l'Initiative de la Ceinture économique de la Route de la soie ", la coopération en matière de droits de propriété entre les entreprises d'État chinoises et d'autres pays le long de la ligne a joué un rôle crucial.Les pays de la zone 3, tels que la Russie, l'Asie intérieure et le Pakistan, ont pris l'initiative de faire des progrès significatifs dans la coopération avec la Chine dans la zone 4. Des avancées ont été réalisées dans des domaines concurrentiels tels que les infrastructures, l'énergie, la fabrication et le commerce.Tous ces éléments ont prouvé les prédictions scientifiques du livre concernant la troisième génération. Ce livre développe non seulement la théorie marxiste, mais prouve également la prophétie scientifique parl'initiative «une ceinture et une route».Depuis que la version chinoise a été publiée, elle a suscité une grande attention et une reconnaissance de toutes les parties.Lors de la préparation de la version en langue étrangère, l'auteur a considérablement compressé et modifié la version chinoise du contenu, rendant le livre plus complet et plus lisible.

Author HUANG FENGLIN
Isbn
Genre Antiques & Collectibles
Year 2020-07-15
Pages 225
Language English
File format PDF

This book presents research on the instruction of two heritage languages and two foreign languages in Israeli schools. The authors explore language policy and the way languages are studied from the point of view of students, teachers, schools and curricula. Language in Israel is a loaded concept, closely linked to ideological, political, and social issues. The profound changes in language policy in the West along with two large waves of immigration from the Former Soviet Union and Ethiopia resulted in new attitudes towards immigrant languages and cultures in Israel. Are these new attitudes strong enough to change the language policy in the future? What do students and teachers think about the language instruction at school? Are the teaching materials updated and do they address modern demands? This book provides answers to these and other questions. As well as describing the instruction of two heritage languages, Russian and Amharic, and two foreign languages, French and Spanish, the book also contains an extensive background on the immigration history and acculturation process of the speakers of each of these languages. An in-depth understanding of the case of Israel will serve as a guide for other countries contending with similar issues pertaining to the adjustment of language policies in light of immigration and other challenging circumstances.

Author Malka Muchnik,Marina Niznik,Anbessa Teferra,Tania Gluzman
Isbn 3319340360
Genre Language Arts & Disciplines
Year 2016-10-13
Pages 218
Language English
File format PDF

Après la Commune de 1871, en France particulièrement, fut posée la question d'une réforme sociale. Avant même d'en envisager le contenu, les penseurs autorisés protestèrent du danger que présentait l'Etat, spécialement depuis la proclamation de la république. Les foules versatiles, les masses avides et les politiciens démagogues n'allaient-ils pas mettre en péril la société même ? Irresponsabilité et frénésie des envieux, fragilité et subordination du Pouvoir furent montrés comme un péril dont seules les Autorités sociales pouvaient préserver la conservation du patrimoine commun.

Author Philippe Riviale
Isbn 2296409547
Genre History
Year 2005-09-01
Pages 358
Language English
File format PDF

After being transported to a strange alternate Earth, Matt Reddy and the crew of the USS Walker have learned desperate times call for desperate measures, in the return to the New York Times bestselling Destroyermen series. Time is running out for the Grand Human and Lemurian Alliance. The longer they take to prepare for their confrontations with the reptilian Grik, the Holy Dominion, and the League of Tripoli, the stronger their enemies become. Ready or not, they have to move--or the price in blood will break them. Matt Reddy and his battered old destroyer USS Walker lead the greatest army the humans and their Lemurian allies have ever assembled up the Zambezi toward the ancient Grik capital city. Standing against them is the largest, most dangerous force of Grik yet gathered. On the far side of the world, General Shinya and his Army of the Sisters are finally prepared for their long-expected assault on the mysterious El Paso del Fuego. Not only is the dreaded Dominion ready and waiting for them; they've formed closer, more sinister ties with the fascist League of Tripoli. Everything is on the line in both complex, grueling campaigns, and the Grand Alliance is stretched to its breaking point. Victory is the only option, whatever the cost, because there can be no second chances.

Author Taylor Anderson
Isbn 0399587543
Genre Fiction
Year 2019-06-11
Pages 480
Language English
File format PDF

The sexy, action-packed first book in the #1 New York Times bestselling Court of Thorns and Roses series from Sarah J. Maas. When nineteen-year-old huntress Feyre kills a wolf in the woods, a terrifying creature arrives to demand retribution. Dragged to a treacherous magical land she knows about only from legends, Feyre discovers that her captor is not truly a beast, but one of the lethal, immortal faeries who once ruled her world. At least, he's not a beast all the time. As she adapts to her new home, her feelings for the faerie, Tamlin, transform from icy hostility into a fiery passion that burns through every lie she's been told about the beautiful, dangerous world of the Fae. But something is not right in the faerie lands. An ancient, wicked shadow is growing, and Feyre must find a way to stop it, or doom Tamlin-and his world-forever. From bestselling author Sarah J. Maas comes a seductive, breathtaking book that blends romance, adventure, and faerie lore into an unforgettable read.

Author Sarah J. Maas
Isbn 1619634457
Genre Fiction
Year 2015-05-05
Pages 432
Language English
File format PDF

Blaise Pascal has always been appreciated as a literary giant and a religious guide, but has received only grudging recognition as a philosopher: philosophers have mistaken Pascal’s harsh criticism of their discipline as a rejection of it. But according to Graeme Hunter, Pascal’s critics have simply failed to grasp his lean, but powerful conception of philosophy. This accessibly written book provides the first introduction to Pascal’s philosophy as an organic whole. Hunter argues that Pascal’s aim is not merely to humble philosophy, but to save it from a kind of failure to which it is prone. He lays out Pascal’s development of a more promising and fruitful path for philosophical inquiry, one that responded to the scientific, religious, and political upheaval of his time. Finally, Hunter illuminates Pascal’s significance for contemporary readers, allowing him to emerge as the rare philosopher who is spiritual, literary, and rigorous all at once – both a brilliant controversialist and a thinker of substance.

Author Graeme Hunter
Isbn 1442667001
Genre Philosophy
Year 2013-12-06
Pages 280
Language English
File format PDF

Taylor Anderson’s enthralling New York Times bestselling series of alternate history continues as game-changing revelations upend the Grand Alliance in a potentially cataclysmic war. Ever since the USS Walker came from another world war to defy the terrifying Grik and diabolical Dominion, Matt Reddy and his crew have given their all to protect the oppressed Lemurians. But with the Walker in desperate need of repairs just as the Grik’s First General is poised to strike, Reddy is desperate. With more enemies than ever before arrayed against them, the crew of the Walker needs new allies. That means combing the lethal wilds of Madagascar to find the Lemurians’ fabled ancestors, as well as the enigmatic dwellers east of the Pass of Fire. But what Reddy’s crew unearths may be more than they can handle—discoveries so shattering they could tilt the balance of the war in either direction. But Reddy’s greatest adversary is from his past: a madman named Kurokawa whose single-minded mission of revenge will shake the Alliance to its core and raise the stakes to the most personal and terrifying levels Reddy has ever faced.

Author Taylor Anderson
Isbn 0698162978
Genre Fiction
Year 2016-06-14
Pages 448
Language English
File format PDF

This volume provides a portion of the original text of Ciceros speech in Latin, a detailed commentary, study aids and a translation. Ingo Gildenhards commentary will be of particular interest to students of Latin at both high school and undergraduate level. It will also be of help to Latin teachers and to anyone interested in Cicero, language and rhetoric, and the legal culture of Ancient Rome. A free online interactive edition is also available.

Author Marcus Tullius Cicero,Ingo Gildenhard
Isbn 1906924538
Genre History
Year 2011
Pages 191
Language English
File format PDF

Matt Reddy and the crew of the USS Walker are positioned to push the line of battle to the breaking point on an alternate Earth, in the thrilling return to the New York Times bestselling Destroyermen series. Matt Reddy and his sailors have fought, bled, and died for their Lemurian friends and other allies from across time, but their enemies are still operational. In Africa, the Grik General Esshk has escaped defeat to build a new army and new weapons, and is desperate enough to use them to destroy the world if he can't have it. In South America, the NUS, General Shinya, and the Army of the Sisters have the evil Dominion on the ropes and are closing in on the seat of its blood-drenched power, but the twisted Don Hernan has struck a deal with the fascist League, and Victor Gravois is finally assembling the awesome fleet of modern ships he's always craved. If he's successful, the war will be lost. Undermined by treachery on a stunning scale, Matt Reddy must still steam his battered old ship halfway around the world, scraping up what forces he can along the way, and confront the mightiest armada the world has ever seen in a fiery duel to the death.

Author Taylor Anderson
Isbn 0399587578
Genre Fiction
Year 2020-06-09
Pages 544
Language English
File format PDF

The crew of a WWII destroyer face their greatest challenge yet as they try to survive in a strange new world in the next thrilling book in the New York Times bestselling series. Commander Matt Reddy and his crew are afraid it may finally be the end of the USS Walker. Ever since their ship was transported to another world, and they became embroiled in a deadly conflict between the Lemurians and the vicious Grik, the Walker has been taking a pounding. With Walker out of commission for repairs, Reddy takes command of a different ship and joins a desperate battle to block the Grik swarm. Meanwhile, the humans and their allies face a deadly second front in the Republic to the south. All of Reddy's forces are committed, and there's no turning back. Either they'll win—or lose—everything...

Author Taylor Anderson
Isbn 0399587519
Genre Fiction
Year 2018-07-10
Pages 480
Language English
File format PDF

In Mobilizing Youth, Susan B. Whitney examines how youth moved to the forefront of French politics in the two decades following the First World War. In those years Communists and Catholics forged the most important youth movements in France. Focusing on the competing efforts of the two groups to mobilize the young and harness generational aspirations, Whitney traces the formative years of the Young Communists and the Young Christian Workers, including their female branches. She analyzes the ideologies of the movements, their major campaigns, their styles of political and religious engagement, and their approaches to male and female activism. As Whitney demonstrates, the recasting of gender roles lay at the heart of Catholic efforts and became crucial to Communist strategies in the mid-1930s. Moving back and forth between the constantly shifting tactics devised to mobilize young people and the circumstances of their lives, Whitney gives special consideration to the context in which the youth movements operated and in which young people made choices. She traces the impact of the First World War on the young and on the formulation of generation-based political and religious identities, the role of work and leisure in young people’s lives and political mobilization, the impact of the Depression, the importance of Soviet ideas and intervention in French Communist youth politics, and the state’s attention to youth after the victory of France’s Popular Front government in 1936. Mobilizing Youth concludes by inserting the era’s youth activists and movements into the complicated events of the Second World War.

Author Susan Whitney
Isbn 0822391562
Genre History
Year 2009-09-11
Pages 332
Language English
File format PDF

Selections from the work of radical feminist author Andrea Dworkin, famous for her antipornography stance and role in the feminist sex wars of the 1980s. Radical feminist author Andrea Dworkin was a caricature of misandrist extremism in the popular imagination and a polarizing figure within the women's movement, infamous for her antipornography stance and her role in the feminist sex wars of the 1980s. She still looms large in feminist demands for sexual freedom, evoked as a censorial demagogue, more than a decade after her death. Among the very first writers to use her own experiences of rape and battery in a revolutionary analysis of male supremacy, Dworkin was a philosopher outside and against the academy who wrote with a singular, apocalyptic urgency. Last Days at Hot Slit brings together selections from Dworkin's work, both fiction and nonfiction, with the aim of putting the contentious positions she's best known for in dialogue with her literary oeuvre. The collection charts her path from the militant primer Woman Hating (1974), to the formally complex polemics of Pornography (1979) and Intercourse (1987) and the raw experimentalism of her final novel Mercy (1990). It also includes “Goodbye to All This” (1983), a scathing chapter from an unpublished manuscript that calls out her feminist adversaries, and “My Suicide” (1999), a despairing long-form essay found on her hard drive after her death in 2005.

Author Andrea Dworkin
Isbn 1635900832
Genre Social Science
Year 2019-03-05
Pages 408
Language English
File format PDF

What constitutes a need? Who gets to decide what people do or do not need? In modern France, scientists, both amateur and professional, were engaged in defining and measuring human needs. These scientists did not trust in a providential economy to distribute the fruits of labor and uphold the social order. Rather, they believed that social organization should be actively directed according to scientific principles. They grounded their study of human needs on quantifiable foundations: agricultural and physiological experiments, demographic studies, and statistics. The result was the concept of the "vital minimum"--the living wage, a measure of physical and social needs. In this book, Dana Simmons traces the history of this concept, revealing the intersections between technologies of measurement, such as calorimeters and social surveys, and technologies of wages and welfare, such as minimum wages, poor aid, and welfare programs. In looking at how we define and measure need, Vital Minimum raises profound questions about the authority of nature and the nature of inequality.

Author Dana Simmons
Isbn 022625173X
Genre History
Year 2015-07-13
Pages 240
Language English
File format PDF

“Keen insight…reveals existentialism as one more chapter in Christianity’s history.”—Journal of the American Academy of Religion The Religion of Existence reopens an old debate on an important question: What was existentialism? At the heart of existentialism, Noreen Khawaja argues, is a story about secular thought experimenting with the traditions of European Christianity. This book explores how a distinctly Protestant asceticism formed the basis for the chief existentialist ideal, personal authenticity, which is reflected in approaches ranging from Kierkegaard’s religious theory of the self to Heidegger’s phenomenology of everyday life to Sartre’s global mission of atheistic humanism. Through these three philosophers, she argues, we observe how ascetic norms have shaped one of the twentieth century’s most powerful ways of thinking about identity and difference—the idea that the true self is not simply given but something that each of us is responsible for producing. Engaging with many central figures in modern European thought, this book is of value to philosophers and historians of European philosophy, scholars of modern Christianity, and those working on problems at the intersection of religion and modernity.

Author Noreen Khawaja
Isbn 022640465X
Genre Philosophy
Year 2016-12-02
Pages 312
Language English
File format PDF

Cicero composed his incendiary Philippics only a few months after Rome was rocked by the brutal assassination of Julius Caesar. In the tumultuous aftermath of Caesar’s death, Cicero and Mark Antony found themselves on opposing sides of an increasingly bitter and dangerous battle for control. Philippic 2 was a weapon in that war. Conceived as Cicero’s response to a verbal attack from Antony in the Senate, Philippic 2 is a rhetorical firework that ranges from abusive references to Antony’s supposedly sordid sex life to a sustained critique of what Cicero saw as Antony’s tyrannical ambitions. Vituperatively brilliant and politically committed, it is both a carefully crafted literary artefact and an explosive example of crisis rhetoric. It ultimately led to Cicero’s own gruesome death. This course book offers a portion of the original Latin text, vocabulary aids, study questions, and an extensive commentary. Designed to stretch and stimulate readers, Ingo Gildenhard’s volume will be of particular interest to students of Latin studying for A-Level or on undergraduate courses. It extends beyond detailed linguistic analysis to encourage critical engagement with Cicero, his oratory, the politics of late-republican Rome, and the transhistorical import of Cicero’s politics of verbal (and physical) violence.

Author Ingo Gildenhard
Isbn 1783745924
Genre Literary Collections
Year 2018-09-03
Pages 488
Language English
File format PDF

Secularism is usually thought to contain the project of self-deification, in which humans attack God’s authority in order to take his place, freed from all constraints. Julie E. Cooper overturns this conception through an incisive analysis of the early modern justifications for secular politics. While she agrees that secularism is a means of empowerment, she argues that we have misunderstood the sources of secular empowerment and the kinds of strength to which it aspires. Contemporary understandings of secularism, Cooper contends, have been shaped by a limited understanding of it as a shift from vulnerability to power. But the works of the foundational thinkers of secularism tell a different story. Analyzing the writings of Hobbes, Spinoza, and Rousseau at the moment of secularity’s inception, she shows that all three understood that acknowledging one’s limitations was a condition of successful self-rule. And while all three invited humans to collectively build and sustain a political world, their invitations did not amount to self-deification. Cooper establishes that secular politics as originally conceived does not require a choice between power and vulnerability. Rather, it challenges us—today as then—to reconcile them both as essential components of our humanity.

Author Julie E. Cooper
Isbn 022608132X
Genre Philosophy
Year 2013-10-18
Pages 256
Language English
File format PDF

L'une étonne le monde; l'autre le désole. La Chine, le dragon rugissant du 21ème siècle, et l'Afrique, l'autruche impuissante à affronter ses défis. Qu'est-ce qui a bien pu se passer pour que leurs sorts respectifs soient si différents ? Cet ouvrage, l'un des premiers sur le sujet, établit les causes de cette dissymétrie des destins sino-africains, en passant en revue leurs expériences au cours des 60 dernières années, mais aussi en analysant leurs ressorts politiques, économique et sociaux actuels.

Author Adama Gaye
Isbn 2296149642
Genre Political Science
Year 2006-05-01
Pages 294
Language English
File format PDF